Water is a vital element of environment. Life on earth cannot survive without water. Fresh water is necessary for the survival of all living organisms on Earth.
Water demand is expected to increase up to 30% by 2050, increasing 1% per year. Population growth and climate change are the main challenges for water management. Smart technology can improve data collection and analytics to support proactive decisions and increase the efficiency of water utilities. Smart water management systems can provide a more resilient and efficient water supply system, reducing costs and improving sustainability. Smart technology can change conventional water and wastewater systems into instrumented, interconnected, and intelligent systems